History of Related Rights

The first organised international response to the need for legal protection of the three categories of related rights beneficiaries was the conclusion, in 1961, of the Rome Convention, or more specifically, the “International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations.” Unlike most international conventions, which follow in the wake of national legislation and are intended to synthesise existing laws, the Rome Convention was an attempt to establish international regulations in a new field, where few national laws existed at the time. This meant that most States would have to draft and enact laws before adhering to the Convention. Since the adoption of the Convention in 1961, a large number of States have legislated in matters related to the Convention, and the laws of many such States exceed the minimum levels of protection, established by the Convention. The most recent international response to meet these evolving legal protection needs came with the signing of the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (“WPPT”), concluded in Geneva on December 20, 1996. The development of this treaty was designed to offer further protection of the economic and moral rights of performers and producers of phonograms, in particular, as regards their exploitation in digital form, including over the Internet. This Treaty came into force on May 20, 2002.


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